Newburg is the place of this settlement. Kocherthal, Tn the meantime, whUe those were transported to North Caro- lina, and to New York, three thousand six hundred Grermans were transferred to Ireland ; seated upon unimproved lands in the county of Limerick, near Arbela and Adair ; others, in the town of Rathkeale, where their descendents stul reside, and are known to this day, as German Palatines, preserving their time German character for industry, thrift and honorable dealing. Persons who have lately visited them say, " They are the most wealthy and prosperous farmers in the county of Limerick.
The names of those who accompanied Kocherthal have been preserved, and are kept in the archives of the State of New York. X Journal H. Ten thousand died for want of sustenance, medical attend- ance, and from other causes. Some perished on ships. The survivers were transported to English colonies in America. Ten sails of vessels were freighted with upwards of four thousand Germans for New York. They departed the 25th December, ; and after a six months' tedious voyage reached New York in June, The survivors were encamped in tents, they had brought with them from England, on Nutting, now Governor's Island.
Here they remained till late in autumn, when about fourteen hundred were removed, one hundred miles up the Hudson river, to Livingston Manor. J Those settled on Hudson river were under indenture to serve Queen Anne as grateftd subjects, to manufacture tar and raise hemp, in order to repay the expenses of their transporta- tion, and cost of subsistance, to the amount of ten thousand pounds sterling, which had been advanced by parliamentary grant. A supply of naval stores from this arrangement, had been confidently anticipated.
The experiment proved a com- plete failure. The Germans, being unjustly oppressed, became dissatisfied both with their treatment, and with their situation. Governor Hunter resorted to violent measures to secure obedience to his demands. In this, too, he failed. Watson in his Annals, Vol.
They embarked Dec. X For a list of the names of apprenticed children, see App. They had no open road, no horses to carry or haul their luggage — this they loaded on rudely con- structed sleds, and did tug these themselves, through a three- feet-deep snow, which greatly obstructed their progress — their way was through an unbroken forest, where and when the wind was howling its hibernal dirge through leaf-stripped trees, amid falling snow. It took them three full weeks.
Having reached Schoharie, they made improvements upon the lands, Queen Anne had granted them. Here they remained about ten years, when, owing to some defect in their titles, they were deprived of both lands and improvements. In the Spring of , thirty-three families removed and settled in Pennsylvania, in Tulpehocken, some fifteen miles west of Reading.
A few years afterwards, others followed them. New Yoi'k was, at an early day, an asylum for the French Protest- ants, or Huguenots. As early as , they were already numerous in that State ; ranking in number and wealth next to the Dutch. One venerable Huguenot, it is related, would go daily to the shore, when, directing his eyes to- wards the direction where he supposed France was situated, would sing one of Marot's hymns, and send to heaven his early morning de- votions. Others joined him in these praises of their God, and remem- brances of their beloved native clime, from which they had been ban- ished by the merciless fires of persecution.
In Ulster and Dutchess counties, many of their descendants still re- side. The locality was unpropitious. They moved some miles further up the river, " where they soon drove well. Shanandoah and Rockingham county in Virginia were settled by Germans from Pennsylvania, prior to Many of their descendants still speak the German language.
Proto-Germanische R-U106 Haplogroup DNA Elwald-Elliot
When George Washington and others were surveying lands in that part of Virginia, in April, , "they were attended with a great company of people, men, women and children, who followed through the woods — they would never speak English ; but when spoken to, they all spoke Dutch German. In , another body of six hundred Huguenots came to Virginia, under Philip Da Richebourg, and were assigned lands on the south side of James River about tv? IL, p. Because of relentless persecution and oppression in Switzer- land, a large body of defenceless Mennonites fled from the Can- tons of Zurich the birth-place of Gessner, Zimmerman, Lava- ter and Pestalozzi ; of Bern and SchaflFhausen, about the year , and took up their abode in Alsace, above Strassburg, on the Rhine, where they remained till they emigrated, , to London, thence to Pennsylvania.
They lived some time at Ger- mantown, and in the vicinity of Philadelphia. Here this small colony erected some huts or log cabins, to serve temporarily as shelters. Here the time and again persecuted and oppressed Swiss, sepa- rated from friends and much that makes life agreeable, hoped to unmolestedly begin anew. For the hum and warbUngs of those, they had not only the shout and song of the tawny sons of the forest, but also the nocturnal bowlings of the ever watchful dog, bay- ing at the sheeny queen of night, as she moves stately on, reflecting her borrowed light.
This Swiss settlement formed the nucleus, or centre of a rapidly increasing Swiss, French and German population, in the Eden of Pennsylvania. The certificate is signed by J. Roman, Pasteur et Inspecteur, attested by the clerk. Kocherthal to New York in Here, says current tradition, she remained till The records at Harris- burg show, that, Sept.
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In another work the Editor notices this charge more fully. Politicians have more than once, in their threnodies, complained to the Germans: "We piped, and ye did not dance.
Scarcely had the Mennonites commenced making their lands arable, when they sent a commissioner, Martin Kendig, to Ger- many and to Switzerland, to induce others to come to Penn- sylvania. He was successful. There were large accessions to this new colony in and and a few years later.
So great was the influx at this time of Swiss and German immi- grants, as to call forth, as already stated, public attention, es- pecially of those in office.
Wo der Elch begraben liegt: Roman (German Edition)
Governor Keith, says the Record, " observed to the Board — the Governor's council — that great numbers of foreigners from Germany, strangers to our language and constitution, having lately been imported into this Province, daily dispersed them- selves immediately after landing, without producing certificates from whence they came or what they are, and, as they seemed to have first landed in Britain, and afterwards to have left with- out any license from government, or as far as they know, so, in the same manner, they behaved here, without making the least application to him or any of the magistrates.
That, as this prac- tice might he of very dangerous consequence, since, by the same method, any number of foreigners, from any nation what- ever, enemies as well as friends, might throw themselves upon us. This observation by Gov. Keith led to the adoption of a measure, which has prevented the loss of the names of upwards of thirty thousand of the first German immigrants to Pennsylvania.
Rdpp, Esq. Dear Sir: — We have in our Office no Lists of the kind you refer to.
We have indices of foreigners, who file what are called alien depositions, to enable them to hold real estate, and who have become citizens; but these would comprise a very small proportion of the entire number of immigrants, who are brought into the State. Yours, Truly, M. Rec, III. In , Jonathan Dickinson remarked: "We are daily ex- pecting ships from London, which bring over Palatines, in num- ber about six or seven thousand.
We had a parcel that came over about five years ago, who purchased land about sixty miles west of Philadelphia, and proved quiet and industrious. Large German settlements had sprung up at differ- ent points within the present limits of Montgomery and Berks counties. At Goshenhoppen there was a German Reformed church, organized as early as Germans and French located on the fertile lands of Waldink li encompassed by hills.
Here an opening was made for others — persecuted Huguenots. They were of the so called Huguenots, on account of which they were obliged to flee to the city of Frankenthal in the Palatinate. Thence they emigrated to America, and, at the time of Queen Anne, they settled in New York in the neighborhood of Esopus.
They moved to Oley in The patent of my land is dated Berks Co. Isaac Txirck, aged 23, husbandman, unmarried, was one of the number who accompanied Kocherthal. See App. In this connection, though apparently out of place, it may be stated that nineteen of the number who accompanied Rev. J Perkioming meaning at the Cranberry place, a Skippack, i. The Geimans were principally farmers. They depended more upon themselves than upon others. They vrielded the mattock, the axe and the maul, and by the power of brawny arms rooted up the grubs, removed saplings, felled the majestic oaks, laid low the towering hickory; prostrated, where they grew, the walnut, poplar, chestnut — cleaved such as suited the purpose, into rails for fences — persevered untiringly until the forest was changed into arable field.
They were those of whom Governor Thomas said, "This Province has been for some years the asylum of the distressed Protestants of the Palatinate, and other parts of Germany ; and, I believe, it may truthfiilly be said, that the present flourishing condition of it is in a great measure owing to the industry of those people; it is not alto- gether the fertility of the soil, but the number and industry of the people, that makes a country flourish.
England understood well the true policy to increase the num- ber of the people in her American colonies, — she retained at home her own subjects, encouraged the emigration of Germans; by this England was the gainer, without any diminution of her inhabitants. Unreasonable as it may seem, it was this class of Germans, that were so much feared, " whose numbers from Germany at this rate, would soon produce a German colony here, and per- haps such a one as Britain once received from Saxony in the fifth century. In , some twenty families of Schwartzenau T'dvfer arrived at Philadelphia.
About and , the Germans crossed the Susquehanna, located within the present Hmits of York and Adams county, and made improvements under discouraging circumstances. Feudsj so common on the borders of States, existed between the people of Pennsylvania and Maryland — strife for ascendency among the rulers! To inspire his accomplices, he very generously proposed to divide the land owned and improved by the Germans, among his associates.
To reward them for anticipated services, he promised each two hundred acres. The Germans were seized by force of arms — their houses demolished — and they themselves carried off and imprisoned, for no other reason than that they were subjects to the proprietory of Pennsylvania. As early as , German emigrants came to Maryland, settled in the region between Monocacy and the mountain, on the spot where Fredericktown was subsequently laid out by Patrick Dulany, This first settlement soon extended to the Glades, Middletown and Hagerstown. Between and , twenty-eight hundred Germans were brought to Maryland, many of whom settled in Baltimore.
Zacharias' Centenary Sermon, Butler's History of Maryland, pp. The tide of emigration from the continent of Europe was strong. Various influences were brought to bear upon the in- crease of the influx.